curriculum vitae


Summary

Megan Comfort is a senior research sociologist in the Behavioral and Urban Health Program in RTI International’s Behavioral Health and Criminal Justice research division. Dr. Comfort’s research interests and areas of expertise include families and incarceration, HIV risk and prevention, and health inequities among urban poor populations. She is the author of Doing Time Together: Love and Family in the Shadow of the Prison (University of Chicago Press, 2008), an ethnographic study of the “secondary prisonization” of women in relationships with incarcerated men. Her articles have appeared in Criminal Justice and Behavior, Ethnography, the Journal of Sex Research, Annual Review of Law & Social Science, Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, PLoS ONE, and AIDS & Behavior, among other journals, and have been translated into three languages.

Education

PhD, Sociology, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, England, 2003.

MSc, Criminology with Honors of distinction, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, England, 1998.

BA, Black Studies, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, 1992. Graduated magna cum laude.

Junior Year Abroad Study Program, Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland, 1990 to 1991.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

2011 to date:      RTI International, San Francisco, CA, Senior Research Sociologist

2007 to 2011:     University of California, San Francisco, CA, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine.

2002 to 2007:     University of California, San Francisco, CA, Specialist, Department of Medicine.

1998 to 2000:     London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK, Research Assistant, Department of Sociology.

1995 to 1997:      Centerforce, San Quentin, CA, Director of Women’s Services, The House at San Quentin.

1995 to 1997:      Marin AIDS Project, San Rafael, CA, Project Coordinator, Love Your Man Love Yourself Project.

Selected Project Experience

Evaluation of the Public Safety Assessment (2015 to date)—Qualitative Task Lead. The Public Safety Assessment (PSA) was developed by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation to provide pretrial releasing authorities with a structured classification tool to inform pretrial release decisions. The PSA responds to a major need for a structured decision-making tool to assist in reducing jail populations and mitigating the collateral consequences of pretrial detainment such as loss of employment, separation from family, and disruption of adherence to medications. This project will provide a validation of the PSA through evaluations of the processes, outcomes, and costs of this tool.

Evaluation of the Safety and Justice Challenge (2015 to date)—Process Evaluation Lead. Beginning in 2015, the MacArthur Foundation is undertaking a 5-year investment that seeks to reduce over-incarceration by changing the way that America thinks about and uses jails. The Safety and Justice Challenge (SJC) will support cities and counties across the country seeking to create fairer, more effective local justice systems that improve public safety, save taxpayer money, and lead to better social outcomes. This project will evaluate the processes, outcomes, and impacts of the SJC on local and national criminal justice reform.

Community Violence and Reproductive Health Among Youth in Salinas, California (2014 to date)—Co-Investigator. Funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH)/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, this study aims to address gaps in research on structural and interpersonal factors in a rural, agricultural community that influence the onset of youth violence and sexual health risks associated with teen pregnancy during the transition from early to middle adolescence.

Treating Co-Occurring Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders Among Jail Inmates (2014 to date)—Co-Investigator. Funded by NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), this study aims to adapt and implement two evidence-based treatments for jail inmates with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders through an uncontrolled open trial and then through a small-scale randomized control trial.

Exploring Experiences of Disclosing HIV-Positive Status While in Prison (2013 to date)—Principal Investigator. Funded by NIH/NIDA, this study aims to qualitatively identify and explore factors that affect HIV-positive people’s decisions to disclose or not disclose their HIV status to medical providers in prison. Findings will be used to generate programmatic and policy recommendations to facilitate disclosure of HIV-positive status in prison, which could potentially increase the numbers of individuals linked to correctional HIV treatment.

Criminal Justice and Health Disparities among African American Women Who Use Drugs (2013 to date)—Co-Investigator. Funded by NIH/National Institute of Minority Health Disparities, this study seeks to examine the extent of criminal justice involvement and its association with unmet health care needs among African American women who use illicit drugs. Specific aims are (1) to characterize the range and accumulation of criminal justice involvement (no involvement, arrest, community supervision, incarceration) in a community-based sample of African American women who use illicit drugs, and (2) to examine the association of unmet health care needs with range and accumulation of criminal justice involvement, while controlling for predisposing, enabling/impeding, and need factors.

Evaluation of the Responsible Fatherhood, Marriage and Family Strengthening Grants for Incarcerated and Reentering Fathers and Their Partners (2013 to date)—Qualitative Methods and Topic Area Expert. Funded by the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this project aims to document the initiatives implemented by the 12 grantees funded by the Office of Family Assistance under this priority area and to determine the impact of the initiatives on relationship quality and other outcomes on a subset of the grantees.

Finding, Testing, and Treating High-Risk Probationers and Parolees with HIV (2010 to date)—Co-Investigator. Funded by NIH/National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), this study has two research objectives: (1) to expand access and options for HIV testing with individuals in the criminal justice system, by focusing on high-risk, drug-using probationers and parolees in community settings; and (2) to improve access and maintenance of highly active antiretroviral treatment among HIV-positive persons in this population, by implementing a promising intervention focused on continuity of HIV care, and evaluating it using a rigorous experimental design.

Relationship Factors and HIV Treatment Adherence (2010 to 2015)—Co-Investigator. Funded by NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, this study uses qualitative and quantitative methods to investigate the relationship factors that are associated with adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). The objective of the study is to identify relationship factors that serve as barriers and facilitators to ART adherence among HIV+ seroconcordant and serodiscordant couples.

Infrastructure for Community-Linked Research to Address Disparities in HIV/AIDS (2010 to 2013)—Co-Investigator. Funded by NIH/National Center on Minority and Health Disparities, this project aimed to build a consortium of researchers and community partners that will bridge the gap between research and communities, develop trainings and forums to build the capacity of research partners to engage in community-involved research, and leverage existing electronic infrastructure to build support mechanisms for community-involved research. These activities will transform the way in which health science research is conducted in communities, and accelerate the pace, productivity, dissemination, and implementation of HIV health research.

Minority Communities HIV Prevention Research Training (2009 to 2011)—Faculty Mentor. Funded by NIH/ National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, this program addressed the urgent need for culturally competent HIV-prevention research in racial and ethnic minority communities by offering research education and mentoring to social and behavioral prevention scientists who have cultural expertise regarding minority communities and who are initiating innovative research programs that focus on HIV risk and prevention topics.

Minority Community HIV and Substance Use Prevention Research Training (2009 to 2011)—Faculty Mentor. Funded by NIH/NIDA, this program addressed the urgent need for culturally competent prevention research in racial and ethnic minority communities targeting the intersection of substance use and HIV by offering research education and mentoring to social and behavioral prevention scientists who have cultural expertise regarding minority communities and who are initiating innovative research programs that focus on substance use and HIV risk and prevention topics.

HIV Risk among Male Parolees and Their Female Partners (2007 to 2012)—Principal Investigator (2007 to 2011); Co-Principal Investigator (2011 to 2012). Funded by NIH/NIMH, this project aimed to conduct multimethod research to study the impact of a male partner’s incarceration on HIV risk and risk reduction in dyadic relationships between male parolees and their female partners.

Effects of Housing and HIV on Risk Behavior and Victimization of Indigent Women (2007 to 2011)— Co-Investigator. Funded by NIH/NIDA, the overall intention of the Shelter, Health, and Drug Outcomes among Women study was to identify the factors that lead to safety and risk reduction among unstably housed women, with particular consideration to potential effect modification by posttraumatic stress disorder, dissociation, depression, manic episodes, and childhood sexual abuse.

The Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (2006 to 2011)—Methods Core Scientist. Funded by NIH/NIMH, this grant was devoted to supporting rigorous theory-based research that will have the maximum impact in the theory, practice, and policy of HIV prevention.

Feasibility, Content, and Analysis of Interviews with Male Parolees and their Female Partners (2005 to 2006)—Principal Investigator. Funded by the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, this pilot study explored the feasibility of recruiting, scheduling, and interviewing both members of male–female couples in which the male partner was recently released from prison.

Ecosystems Therapy: Men Reintegrating with Their Family (2003 to 2009)—Principal Investigator (2008 to 2009). Funded by NIH/NIMH, this project conducted and tested in a randomized trial a risk-reduction and medical adherence intervention for HIV-positive men leaving prison that involved family and other support networks as agents of change.

HIV Risk Reduction for Women with Incarcerated Partners (2002 to 2008)—Co-Investigator, Project Director. Funded by NIH/NIMH, this project conducted multimethod formative research to refine a population-specific theoretical model of HIV risk and risk reduction for women with incarcerated male partners, and developed and tested a theoretically based intervention.

CONSULTANT SERVICES

2010 to 2011   Consultant, The Bridging Group, Contract No. HHSP233201000701P, Office of Women’s Health (OWH), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (development of a cross-site evaluation design for eight intervention programs funded by OWH to serve women with incarcerated and recently released male partners).

book

Comfort, M. (2008). Doing time together: Love and family in the shadow of the prison. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Powers, C., Comfort, M., Lopez, A.M., Kral, A.H., Murdoch, R.O., Lorvick, J. (in press). Addressing structural barriers to HIV care among triply diagnosed adults: Project Bridge Oakland. Health & Social Work.

McKay, T., Comfort, M., Lindquist, C., Bir, A. (2016). If family matters: Supporting family relationships during incarceration and reentry. Criminology & Public Policy, 15(2).

Comfort, M. (2016). “A twenty-hour-a-day job”: The impact of frequent low-level criminal justice involvement on family life. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 665(1): 63-79.

Lorvick, J., Comfort, M. L., Krebs, C. P., & Kral, A. (2015). Health service use and social vulnerability in a community-based sample of women on probation and parole. Health & Justice, 3(13). doi:10.1186/s40352-015-0024-4

Comfort, M., Lopez, A. M., Powers, C., Kral, A. H., & Lorvick, J. (2015). How institutions deprive: Ethnography, social work, and interventionist ethics among the hypermarginalized. RSF: The Russell Sage Journal of the Social Sciences, 1(1): 100–119. doi:10.7758/RSF.2015.1.1.06

Cooper, H., Caruso, B., Barham, T., Embry, V., Dauria, E., Clark, C., & Comfort, M. (2015). Partner incarceration and African-American women's sexual relationships and risk: A longitudinal qualitative study. Journal of Urban Health, 92, 527–547. PMCID: PMC4456473. doi:10.1007/s11524-015-9941-8

Gamarel, K. E., Comfort, M., Wood, T., Neilands, T. B., & Johnson, M. O. (2015). A qualitative analyses of male couples’ coping with HIV: Disentangling the “we.” Journal of Health Psychology. Advance online publication. PMID: 25721454. doi:10.1177/1359105315571975

Howell, B. A., Guydish, J., Kral, A. H., & Comfort, M. (2015). Prevalence and factors associated with smoking tobacco among men recently released from prison in California: A cross-sectional study. Addictive Behaviors, 50, 157–160. PMCID: PMC4535991. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.06.017

Comfort, M., Reznick, O., Dilworth, S. E., Binson, D., Darbes, L. A., & Neilands, T. B. (2014). Sexual HIV risk among male parolees and their female partners: The Relate Project. Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice, 7 (special issue 6), 42-69. PMCID: PMC4308977.

Cooper, H. L. F., Clark, C. D., Barham, T., Embry, V., Caruso, B., & Comfort, M. (2014). “He was the story of my drug use life”: A longitudinal qualitative study of the impact of partner incarceration on substance misuse patterns among African-American women. Substance Use and Misuse49(1–2), 176–188. PMID: 23964987. doi:10.3109/10826084.2013.824474

Frank, J. W., Wang, E. A., Nunez-Smith, M., Lee, H., & Comfort, M. (2014). Discrimination based on criminal record and healthcare utilization among men recently released from prison: A descriptive study. Health & Justice, 2(6). PMCID: PMC4308970. doi:10.1186/2194-7899-2-6

Knight, K. R., Lopez, A. M., Comfort, M. L., Shumway, M., Cohen, J., Jennifer, C., & Riley, E. D. (2014). Single room occupancy (SRO) hotels as mental health risk environments among impoverished women: The intersection of policy, drug use, trauma, and urban space. International Journal of Drug Policy25(3), 556-561. PMCID: PMC4014526. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.10.011

Lee, H., Porter, L., & Comfort, M. (2014). Consequences of family member incarceration: Impacts on civic participation and perceptions of the legitimacy and fairness of government. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 651, 44–73. PMCID: PMC4501034. doi:10.1177/0002716213502920

Wenger, L. D., Lopez, A. M., Comfort, M., & Kral, A.H. (2014). The phenomenon of low-frequency heroin injection among street-based urban poor: Drug user strategies and contexts of use. International Journal of Drug Policy, 25, 471–479. PMCID: PMC4071159. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.02.015

Cocohoba, J., Comfort, M., Kianfar, H., & Johnson, M. (2013). A qualitative study examining HIV antiretroviral adherence counseling and support in community pharmacies. Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy, 19(6), 454–460. PMCID: PMC3988691.

Mahoney, M., Bien, M., & Comfort, M. (2013). Adaptation of an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention for women with incarcerated partners: Expanding to community settings. AIDS Education and Prevention, 25(1), 1–13. (Not NIH funded; no PMCID needed.) doi:10.1521/aeap.2013.25.1.1

Saberi, P., Comfort, M., Sheon, N., & Johnson, M. (2013). Qualitative study of the quality of sleep in marginalized individuals living with HIV. Patient Preference and Adherence, 7, 499–507. Free full text available online. doi:10.2147/PPA.S44595

Turney, K., Lee, H., & Comfort, M. (2013). Discrimination and psychological distress among recently released male prisoners. American Journal of Men’s Health, 7, 482–493. PMCID: PMC3862650. doi:10.1177/1557988313484056

Wildeman, C., Lee, H., & Comfort, M. (2013). A new vulnerable population? The health of female partners of men recently released from prison. Women’s Health Issues, 26(3), 335–340. PMCID: PMC3862647.doi:10.1016/j.whi.2013.07.006

Comfort, M. (2012). “It was basically college to us”: Poverty, prison, and emerging adulthood. Journal of Poverty, 16, 308–322. PMCID: PMC3433080.

Johnson, M. O., Dilworth, S. E., Taylor, J. M., Darbes, L. D., Comfort, M. L., & Neilands, T. B. (2012). Primary relationships, HIV treatment adherence, and virologic control. AIDS & Behavior, 16(6), 1511–1521. PMCID: PMC3607313.

Saberi, P., Comfort, M., & Johnson, M. O. (2012). The relationship between daily organization and adherence to antiretroviral therapy: A qualitative perspective. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 61(1), e3–e6. PMCID: PMC3427530.

Saberi, P., Gamarel, K., Neilands, T., Comfort, M., Sheon, N., Darbes, L., & Johnson, M. O. (2012). Ambiguity, ambivalence, and apprehensions of taking PrEP: A mixed methods study. PLoS ONE, 7(11): e50061. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050061. PMCID: PMC3498189.

Comfort, M., Nurse, A., McKay, T., & Kramer, K. (2011). Taking children into account: Addressing intergenerational effects of parental incarceration. Criminology & Public Policy, 10(3), 839–850. (Not NIH funded; no PMCID needed.)

Kramer, K., & Comfort, M. (2011). Considerations in HIV prevention for women affected by the criminal justice system. Women’s Health Issues, 21(6S), S272–S277. PMCID: PMC3203344.

Wilson, E., Pant, S. B., Comfort, M., & Ekstrand, M. (2011). Stigma and HIV risk among Metis in Nepal. Culture, Health, and Sexuality, 13(3), 253–266. PMCID: PMC3030668.

Reznick, O. G., Comfort, M., McCartney, K., & Neilands, T. B. (2010). Effectiveness of an HIV prevention program for women visiting their incarcerated partners: The HOME Project. AIDS & Behavior, 15(2), 365–375. PMCID: PMC3032899.

Weiser, S. D., Neilands, T. B., Comfort, M. L., Dilworth, S., Cohen, J., Tulsky, J. P., et al. (2009). Correlates of incarceration vary by sex among homeless and marginally housed individuals in San Francisco. American Journal of Public Health, 99(8), 1459–1463. PMCID: PMC2707486.

Grinstead, O., Comfort, M. L., McCartney, K., Koester, K., & Neilands, T. B. (2008). Bringing it HOME: Design and implementation of an HIV/STD intervention for women visiting incarcerated men. AIDS Education and Prevention, 20(4), 285–300. PMCID: PMC18673062.

Comfort, M. (2007). ‘C’est plein de mecs bien en taule!’: Incarcération de masse aux États-Unis et ambivalence des épouses. (‘It’s a lot of good men behind walls!’: Mass incarceration in the United States and the ambivalence of partners.) Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales169, 22–47. Portuguese translation published as Comfort, M. (2008), ‘Tanto bom homem atrás das grades!’: O encarceramento maciço e a transformação das relações amorosas nos Estados Unidos. Aquém e Além da Prisão, Manuela Ivone Cunha (organizadora). Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, 125–176.

Comfort, M. (2007). Punishment beyond the legal offender. Annual Review of Law and Social Science3, 271–296. Brazilian translation published as (2010) A punição além do infrator legal. Discursos Sediciosos: Crime, Direito, e Sociedade, 15(17–18), 175–204.

Comfort, M. (2007). ‘Partilhamos tudo o que podemos’: A dualização do corpo recluso nos romances através das grades. Análise Social, XLII(185), 1055–1079. English version published as (2009). ‘We share everything we can the best way we can’: Sustaining romance across prison walls. Transatlantica, 1. Available at: http://transatlantica.revues.org/index4281.html.

Comfort, M. L., Grinstead, O., McCartney, K., Bourgois, P., & Knight, K. (2005). “You can’t do nothin’ in this damn place”: Sex and intimacy among couples with an incarcerated male partner. Journal of Sex Research42(1), 3–12. PMCID:  2699406.

Grinstead, O., Faigeles, B., Comfort, M., Seal, D., Nealey-Moore, J., Belcher, L., & Morrow, K. (2005). HIV, STD, and hepatitis risk to primary female partners of men being released from prison. Women and Health41(2), 63–80. PMCID: 16219588.

Comfort, M., & Grinstead, O. (2004, April/June). The carceral limb of the public body: Jail detainees, prisoners, and infectious disease. Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care3(2), 45–48.

Comfort, M. (2003). In the tube at San Quentin: The “secondary prisonization” of women visiting inmates. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 32(1), 77–107. Spanish translation published in Argentina as (2010) “En el Tubo de San Quintín: la ‘prisionización secundaria’ de las mujeres que visitan a los reclusos.” Cuadernos de Estudios Sobre Sistema Penal y Derechos Humanos1(1), 23–38.

Comfort, M. (2002). ‘Papa’s house’: the prison as domestic and social satellite. Ethnography3(4), 467–499. Brazilian translation published as (2003) ‘A casa do papai’: A prisão como satélite doméstico e social. Discursos Sediciosos: Crime, Direito, e Sociedade8(13).

Comfort, M., Grinstead, O., Faigeles, B., & Zack, B. (2000). Reducing HIV risk among women visiting their incarcerated male partners. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 27(1), 57–71.

Book Chapters and Other Publications

Comfort, M. (2016). How collaborating with a social worker changed my research (and why I can’t wait to do it again). Inequality, Poverty, and Mobility Newsletter (section of the American Sociological Association), 1(3, January), 2–3.

Comfort, M. (2014). Comptes rendus: La famille à l’épreuve de la prison. Sociologie du travail56: 515-517. (Book review of a French monograph, text written directly in French.)

Comfort, M. (2014, May 15). No punch line in prison. In, A virtual roundtable on Orange is the New Black, Public Books. http://www.publicbooks.org/artmedia/virtual-roundtable-on-orange-is-the-new-black

Comfort, M. L. (2014). Repercussions of incarceration on close relationships. In D. Hartmann & C. Uggen (Eds.), Crime and the punished (pp. 87–100). New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

Comfort, M. (2013, December 2). Prison as a refuge. The Chronicle of Higher Education, The Chronicle Review. http://chronicle.com/article/Prison-as-a-Refuge/143277/.

Comfort, M., Albizu García, C., Rodriguez, T., & Molina III, C. (2012). HIV risk and prevention for Latinos in jails and prisons. In K. Organista (Ed.), HIV prevention with Latinos: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 205–226). New York: Oxford University Press.

Comfort, M. L. (2010). “I looked at this as a beautiful experience”: Mass incarceration and the secondary prisonization of intimate relationships. In D. Downes, D. Hobbes, & T. Newburn (Eds.), The eternal recurrence of crime and control: Essays in honour of Paul Rock (pp. 245–260). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Comfort, M. (2008). “The best seven years I could’a done”: The reconstruction of imprisonment as rehabilitation by former prisoners and their partners. In P. Carlen (Ed.), Imaginary penalties (pp. 252–274). Cullompton, UK: Willan Publishing.

Comfort, M. L. (2008). Inside and out: Incarceration, HIV/AIDS, and public health in the United States. In C. Pope, R. T. White, & R. Malow (Eds.), HIV/AIDS: Global frontiers in prevention/intervention. New York: Routledge.

Comfort, M. (2006). Book review of Civil Penalties, Social ConsequencesPunishment & Society, 8(4), 481–483.

Comfort, M., & Watkins, C. (2005). HIV/AIDS among America’s people of color: Think local, not just global. Focus, 12, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University.

Comfort, M. (2004). Toi, moi, et le pénitencier font trois: L’incarcération de masse et la transformation d’une idylle. Le Passant Ordinaire, 50, 38–41.

Comfort, M. (2003, June). Les Etats-Unis malades de leurs prisons. Le Monde Diplomatique, 22–23. Reprinted in Manière de voir 71: Obsessions sécuritaires, October–November 2003, 66–68. English version printed as “United States: Sentenced to Sickness,” August 2003, 4–5. Also translated into Spanish, Portuguese, German, Italian, Czech, and Farsi.

Comfort, M. (2003). Still booming: Prisons in California. ASA Footnotes, 31(9), 1.

Comfort, M. (2000). An officer’s word. Prison Service Journal, 129, 22–24.

Comfort, M. (1999, November/December). Dramatic action: Safe Ground’s unique approach to prisoner rehabilitation. American Jails, 85–87.

Comfort, M. (1998, July). Making connections. Counseling News, 3, 8–9. Reprinted in Prison Service Journal (1999), 122, 23–24.

Presentations, Posters, and Proceedings

Invited Presentations: International

2015   “A Twenty Hour a Day Job”: The Repercussive Effects of Frequent Low-Level Criminal Justice Involvement on Family Life.” Prisoners’ Families, Punishment, and Social Inequality, Oxford University, Oxford, UK, June 25–26 (invited talk)

2014   Journées Sexualités et Enfermement, Université de Lille, Lille, France, December 12 (invited talk, given in French)

2013   Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile, October 15 (invited talk)

2013   Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile, October 14 (invited talk)

2012   The Australian Sociological Association (TASA), University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, November 29 (plenary panel presentation)

2012   Central European University, Budapest, Hungary, July 17 (invited talk)

2012   Université Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3, France, April 12 (invited talk)

2012   University of Amsterdam Research Center for Gender and Sexuality, Netherlands, March 16 (invited talk)

2011   Punishment & Society: Politics & Culture Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, May 12 (invited talk)

2010   Maison Européenne des Sciences de l’Homme et de la Société, Lille, France, June 1 (invited talk, given in French)

2009   Els Fantasmes de l’Exclusió: Ordre, Representacions, I Ciències Socials a La Ciutat Contemporània, Barcelona, Spain, November 20 (oral presentation)

2009   CLAT 5: 5th Latin Conference on Risk Reduction, Porto, Portugal, July 2 (session chair and oral presentation)

2008   Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto, Canada, November 25 (invited talk)

2008   Séminaire LabToP, Université de Paris VIII, Paris, France, June 23 (invited talk, given in French)

2007   Encuentros de comunicación, intercambio y reflexión crítica con profesores e investigadores, Grupo de Estudios sobre Sistema Penal y Derechos Humanos del Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, October 5 (invited talk)

2007   Ethnografeast: Ethnography and the Public Sphere, Centro de Estudos de Antropologia Social (ISCTE), Lisbon, Portugal, June 22 (invited talk)

2005   Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil, September 27 (invited talk)

2005   Estratégias de Redução de Danos: Sistema Penal e Drogas, Universidade Federal Fluminense e Instituto Carioca de Criminologia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September 29 (keynote address)

2005   A Prisão, a Psiquiatria e a Rua, Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal, June 6 (oral presentation)

2004   Prisons 2004, London, England, June 23 (oral presentation)

2004   Aquém e Além da Prisão, Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal, November 17 (oral presentation)

2003   Contre la Peine de Mort, Centre Lacordaire, Montpellier, France, June 26 (invited talk, given in French)

Invited Presentations: National

2016   Research for Justice Reform (conference sponsored by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation), Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, May 13-14 (invited presentation)

2016   “Integrating Methods to Study Dis-Integrated Systems,” University of Washington, Seattle, WA, Stice Lecture series, May 4 (invited presentation)

2015   “‘A Twenty Hour a Day Job’: The Repercussive Effects of Frequent Low-Level Criminal Justice Involvement on Family Life,” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science conference, Tough on Crime, Tough on Families?: Criminal Justice and Family Life in America, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, July 17–19 (invited presentation)

2015   “Embedded Social Work and Ethnography: A Hybrid Approach to Studying Hypermarginality in Institutional Contexts,” American University, Washington DC, Center for Health, Risk, and Society, April 8 (invited presentation)

2014   “Integrating Clinical Social Work and Ethnography with Hypermarginalized Populations,” Severe Deprivation in America, Russell Sage Foundation, New York, NY, October 30–31 (invited presentation)

2014   “Integrating Clinical Social Work and Ethnography with Hypermarginalized Populations,” University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Learning Community on Poverty and Inequality, October 10 (invited presentation)

2013   Robert Wood Johnson Foundation symposium on Mass Incarceration and Its Effects on Population Health and Health Disparities, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, April 4–5 (invited presentation)

2013   The Laurel School, Shaker Heights, OH, February 7 (invited talk for ninth and tenth graders in the rubric of Perspectives: Power, Privilege, and Poverty—A Local, National, and Global View)

2011   New York University, Crime, Law, and Deviance seminar, New York, NY, November 11 (invited talk)

2011    Yale University, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, New Haven, CT, November 10 (invited talk)

2011   University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Policy Scholars Program, Ann Arbor, MI, October 27 (invited talk)

2011   University of Texas, Austin, Poverty and Marginality in the Americas: An Ethnography Workshop, Austin, TX, March 31 to April 2 (invited talk)

2010   University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico, September 30 (full-day workshop)

2010   University of Texas, Austin, Sociology Department, Austin, TX, February 25 (invited talk)

2009   Sociologists’ AIDS Network pre-conference, San Francisco, CA, August 7 (invited talk)

2003   Cornell University, Gender, Race, and Incarceration: Activism and Scholarship conference, Ithaca, NY, April 18 (oral presentation)

2002   Smith College, Sociology Department, Northampton, MA, February 22 (invited talk)

Regional and Other Invited Presentations

2015   Restorative Justice Ministry of the Archdiocese of San Francisco’s Office of Public Policy and Social Concerns, Reentry Conference and Resource Fair, San Francisco, CA, September 26 (keynote speaker)   

2015   San Francisco Department of Public Health, Scientific Working Group, San Francisco, CA, August 4 (invited talk)

2013   Tenderloin Health Research Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA, March 5 (invited participation on panel of experts)

2011   Institute for the Study of Societal Issues, University of California, Berkeley, CA, September 14 (invited talk)

2010   Ann Lucas Lecture Series in Law & Justice, San Jose State University, CA, December 9 (symposium on book, Doing Time Together, with three discussants)

2010   Center for Research on Gender and Sexuality, San Francisco State University, CA, December 6 (invited talk)

2010   CAPS Town Hall, San Francisco, CA, October 8 (invited talk)

2010   CAPS Qualitative Working Group, San Francisco, CA, September 7 (invited talk)

2008   CAPS Town Hall, San Francisco, CA, May 9 (invited talk)

2008   UCSF Drug User Research Seminar, San Francisco, CA, February 6 (invited talk)

2005   CAPS Community Briefing, San Francisco, CA, May 12 and Oakland, CA, May 13 (invited talk)

2004   CAPS Town Hall, San Francisco, CA, October 8 (invited talk)

2004   CAPS Qualitative Working Group, San Francisco, CA, February 3 (invited talk)

1997   San Quentin Prisoners’ Peer-Educator Training, San Quentin State Prison, CA, April 15 (invited talk)

1996   Centerforce Directors’ Conference, San Diego, CA, August 26 (invited talk)

Poster and Panel Presentations

Comfort, M. (2015, August 23). “A twenty hour a day job”: The repercussive effects of frequent low-level criminal justice involvement on family life. Oral presentation at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, Chicago, IL.

Comfort, M., & Wildeman, C. (2015, March 20). Prison as primary care: How correctional healthcare experiences could inform community healthcare access. Oral presentation at the 8th Academic and Health Policy Conference on Correctional Health, Boston, MA.

Comfort, M. (2014, November 22). My brother’s keeper—and doctor, and social worker: The repercussive effects of incarceration on family health and well-being. Oral presentation at the American Society of Criminology annual meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2014, November 21). Discussant for panel on “Prisoners’ Families: An International Perspective” at the American Society of Criminology annual meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2014, November 19). Critic on panel of “Author Meets the Critics for Children of the Prison Boom: Mass Incarceration and the Future of American Inequality,” written by Sara Wakefield and Christopher Wildeman, American Society of Criminology annual meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2014, August 16). Discussant for panel on “Extreme Poverty” at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2013, November 22). Crime and the punished. Discussant for panel at the American Society of Criminology annual meeting, Atlanta, GA.

Comfort, M. (2013, August 12). Betwixt and between: Navigating HIV treatment through cycles of incarceration. Oral presentation at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, New York, NY.

Comfort, M. (2013, July 10). Couples and incarceration: The structural production of unknowing practices. Oral presentation at the International HIV Social Science and Humanities conference, Paris, France.

Comfort, M. L. (Invited Speaker). (2013, March). The health of women with incarcerated partners. Presented at Health Issues in Incarcerated Populations: Lessons from Research and Clinical Practice, San Francisco, CA.

Howell, B. A., Guydish, J., Kral, A., & Comfort, M. L. (2012, October). Smoking patterns among parolees in the San Francisco Bay area. Presented at the 140th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2012, August). “I’m the man and he’s the woman!”: Incarceration, masculinity, and intimate relationships. Oral presentation at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, Denver, CO.

Comfort, M., Turney, K., & Wakefield, S. (2012). “People on parole have found jobs”: Unemployment and relationship tensions following men’s release from prison. Panel presentation at the American Society of Criminology annual meeting, Chicago, IL.

Khan, M., Epperson, M., & Comfort, M. (2012). Criminal justice involvement and HIV risk model: A novel conceptual model that describes the influence of arrest and incarceration on STI/HIV transmission. Poster presentation at the American Public Health Association conference. San Francisco, CA.

Howell, B. A., Guydish, J., Kral, A., & Comfort, M. (2012). Smoking patterns among the formerly incarcerated in the San Francisco Bay area. Poster presented at the American Public Health Association conference. San Francisco, CA.

Cocohoba, J. M., Comfort, M., Greenblatt, R. M., & Johnson, M. O. (2012). Community pharmacy adherence support services: Patient and pharmacist perceptions. Poster presentation at the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care 7th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence. Miami, FL.

Frank, J. W., Wang, E. A., Nunez-Smith, M, & Comfort, M. (2012). Discrimination attributed to criminal record and healthcare utilization. Poster presentation at the Society of General Internal Medicine meetings. Orlando, FL.

Kramer, K., Bowers, M., Comfort, M., Labiner-Wolfe, J., Zack, B. (2011, August 15). HIV prevention for women partners of incarcerated men: An overlooked part of the discussion. Oral presentation at the National HIV Prevention Conference. Atlanta, GA.

Comfort, M. (2011, August). “It was basically college to us”: Incarceration, rehabilitation, and intimate relationships. Oral presentation at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, Las Vegas, NV.

Comfort, M., Birder, M., Hagan, J., Woodford, J., Elster, J., Elster, M., & Anderson, T. (2010, November 17). At the intersection of confinement and the free world: The personal, social, and political repercussions of visiting incarcerated family members. Documentary film screening and facilitated panel discussion at the American Society of Criminology annual meeting. San Francisco, CA.

Lopez, A. M., Knight, K., Riley, E., Comfort, M., & Cohen, J. (2010, October). Urban space and place: Contextual mechanisms that amplify poor health among indigent women residing in single room occupancy hotels in San Francisco. Poster presented at UCSF Health Disparities Research Symposium, San Francisco, CA.

Ramos, J., Balls Organista, P., Comfort, M., Grinstead Reznick, O. (2010, August 12). Empowering women: HIV prevention for partners of recently incarcerated men. Poster presentation at the American Psychological Association meetings, San Diego, CA.

Comfort, M., Myers, J., Koester, K., Knight, K., Bourgois, P., & Grinstead Reznick, O. (2010, July 20). HIV risk among male prisoners, formerly incarcerated men, and their female partners. Poster presentation at the International AIDS conference, Vienna, Austria.

Ramos, J., Balls Organista, P., Comfort, M., & Grinstead Reznick, O. (2010, May). The power of sexual communication: HIV prevention for the female partners of incarcerated men. Poster presentation at the Association for Psychological Science annual convention, Boston, MA.

Comfort, M., Hoover, M., Ramos, J., Reznick O, Rodriguez, T., Smith, C., & Stewart, W. (2010, April 23). Incarceration and health disparities: Possible connections, emerging questions. Oral presentation at the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies conference, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M., Hoover, M., Ramos, J., Rodriguez, T., Smith, C., Stewart, W. (2009, October 30). Observations from the field: HIV prevention for male-female couples after incarceration. Oral presentation at the U.S. Conference on AIDS, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. & Eason, J. (2009, August 8). Prison towns and prisonized families: Mapping the proliferation and reach of state correctional institutions. Oral presentation at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M., Reznick, O. G., & Neilands, T. B. (2008, October 7). HIV prevention for women visiting their incarcerated male partners. Oral presentation at the NIMH Annual International Research Conference on the Role of Families in Preventing and Adapting to HIV/AIDS: Meeting the Needs of Families in the Mental Health and Criminal Justice System. Providence, RI.

Comfort, M., Grinstead, O., McCartney, K., & Neilands, T. B. (2008, September 6). HIV prevention for women with incarcerated male partners at a California state prison. Oral presentation at the International Sociological Association meeting, Barcelona, Spain.

Comfort, M., Grinstead, O., McCartney, K., & Neilands, T. B. (2008, May 30). HIV prevention for women visiting incarcerated men: The HOME Project. Oral presentation at the Society for Prevention Research Conference, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2007, August 14). ‘I looked at this as a beautiful experience’: Mass incarceration and the secondary prisonization of intimate relationships. Oral presentation at the American Sociological Association annual meeting. New York, NY.

Comfort, M. (2006, November). “We share everything we can the best way we can”: The dualization of the convict body. Oral presentation at the American Society for Criminology annual meeting. Los Angeles, CA.

Comfort, M. (2006, August 13). ‘It’s a lot of good men behind walls!’: Mass incarceration and the transformation of romance. Oral presentation at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, Montreal, Canada.

Comfort, M., Allen, A., & Regan, T. (2008, April 18). Research to program: Pathways to sustainable HIV Prevention with women visitors at San Quentin state prison. Oral presentation at the CAPS Conference, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2006, April 21). The HOME Project: HIV prevention for women visiting men at San Quentin state prison. Oral presentation given at the Fifth Annual Center for AIDS Prevention Studies Conference, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2005, June 6). “It’s a lot of good men behind walls!”: Mass incarceration and the transformation of romance in the United States. Oral presentation at the A Prisão, a Psiquiatria e a Rua conference, Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.

Comfort, M. (2005, September 29). Papa’s house: The prison as domestic and social satellite. Keynote address given at the Estratégias de Redução de Danos: Sistema Penal e Drogas conference, Universidade Federal Fluminense e Instituto Carioca de Criminologia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Comfort, M., Grinstead, O., Fierro, X., & Jordan, S. (2004, September 13). Visiting 101: The experiences and needs of the visiting community. Invited talk at the Centerforce Summit, Millbrae, CA.

Comfort, M., & Grinstead, O. (2004, August 16). HIV/AIDS, incarceration, and communities of color. Oral presentation at the American Sociological Association annual meeting. San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2004, April 16). The HOME Project. Oral presentation at the Fourth Annual Center for AIDS Prevention Studies conference, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M. (2003, April 4). The HOME Project. Oral presentation at the Third Annual Center for AIDS Prevention Studies conference, San Francisco, CA.

Comfort, M., & Grinstead, O. (2003, October 20). The HIV prevention needs of women visiting incarcerated men. Oral presentation at Centerforce Summit, Millbrae, CA.

Grinstead, O., & Comfort, M. (1997, May 27). Developing HIV prevention services for women visiting incarcerated men. Poster presentation at the National Conference on Women and HIV, Los Angeles, CA.

Popular Media: Television, Radio, and Press

2016   Guest appearance (with Andrea Lopez) on North Carolina Public Radio program The Measure of Everyday Life for a segment on methodological innovations in studying hypermarginalized populations. Interviewed by Brian Southwell, podcast posted on January 13.

2015   Guest appearance on WGXC (Albany, NY) radio program Prison Voices Project for a segment on family members of prisoners. Interviewed live by Alexandra Cox, July 23.

2014   Guest appearance on North Carolina Public Radio program The State of Things for a segment on families and incarceration. Interviewed live by Frank Stasio, October 24.

2011   Interviewed for “Office Hours,” a podcast featured on “The Society Pages,” an online social science project housed in the University of Minnesota’s Department of Sociology. Podcast posted on August 26.

2010   “Black Men in Prison and the Women Who Love Them.” Guest appearance on BlogTalkRadio program, Date Smarter, Not Harder. Interviewed live by Deborrah Cooper, September 11.

2009   BBC Radio 4, “Thinking Allowed.” Interviewed live by Laurie Taylor, January 14.

2009   Newstalk 106–108FM (Ireland), “The Moncrieff Show.” Interviewed live by Sean Moncrieff, February 6.

2009   “Entrevista: Megan Comfort. A prisão deles podes resultar na quase prisão delas.” Publico (full-page article in Portuguese daily newspaper), August 13, p.6.

2008   Tattered Cover Bookstore. Denver, CO, August 11 (invited talk and book signing)

2008   “Author Makes a Study of Prisoners’ Partners.” The Denver Post, August 10, 5B–6B.

2008   Clear Channel of Colorado, “Focus.” Interviewed by Irene Rawlings, broadcast August 17.

2007   Radio France Culture, “A plus d’un titre.” Interviewed live in French by Jacques Munier, September 14.

2003   BBC Radio 4, “Thinking Allowed.” Interviewed by Laurie Taylor, broadcast September 17.

2000   “Family Ties: a Conversation with Megan Comfort.” SQTV (San Quentin Television), San Quentin State Prison, CA, filmed September 8, broadcast repeatedly.

1997   “SQ in Focus: A Formula for Success.” SQTV (San Quentin Television), San Quentin State Prison, CA, filmed July 24, broadcast repeatedly.

1995   “Services for Your Family at The House at San Quentin.” SQTV (San Quentin Television), San Quentin State Prison, CA, filmed October 13, broadcast repeatedly.

HONORS AND AWARDS

CAPS International Women’s Day Award, 2010

Robert McKenzie Prize, University of London, 2003

Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation dissertation award, 2002         

Metcalfe Studentship for Women, London School of Economics and Political Science, 2001

London School of Economics Department of Sociology tuition awards, 1999 to 2002          

Overseas Research Students Awards Scheme, Committee of Vice Chancellors and Principals of the Universities of the United Kingdom, 1998 to 2001    

Fanny Bullock Workman Fellowship, Wellesley College, 1997

Wellesley College, Phi Beta Kappa, 1992 

PUBLIC SERVICE

2015 to date        Member, Essie Justice Group Advisory Council (nonprofit organization that builds support and communication among women with incarcerated loved ones: http://www.essiejusticegroup.org/)

2013 to date        Board of Directors member and Secretary, UnCommon Law (nonprofit organization that provides education and training in legal representation for people serving life sentences in the California state prison system: http://uncommonlaw.org/)

2008 to 2012      Scientific Advisory Committee, BETA (published by the San Francisco AIDS Foundation)

2011                   National Planning Committee member, Centerforce 2011 Inside/Out Summit

1997                   Instructor and creator of CON-TEXT, a 10-session writing seminar focusing on famous incarcerated authors, developed for prisoners at San Quentin State Prison

1996 to 1997      Instructor and creator of Writing it Right, an eight-part video series on basic writing skills for prisoners shown regularly on San Quentin Television

1992 to 1993      Relief counselor at Youth and Family Assistance group home for adolescents, Redwood City, CA

1990                   Relief counselor at Rosa Parks Shelter Home for boys with multiple arrest records, Washington DC